For the International Labor Organization (ILO), globalization and technological changes have been changing society’s work patterns (productivity objectives) and employment (digital work) and transformations (use of technology) are influencing health at work, such as mental illnesses associated with work, the most common are depression, panic disorder, professional neurosis, chronic alcoholism, anxiety, stress, burnout syndrome and suicide.
Statistics from the Occupational Health and Safety Observatory (SmartLab) show that in Brazil, the states with the highest population density do not necessarily concentrate the license requested by the National Institute of Social Security (INSS) for Mental and Behavioral Disorders ( CID-10) F00 – F99). Specifically, the distribution of mental illnesses is defined from São Paulo with 25% of cases, Minas Gerais with 17%, Rio Grande do Sul with 7%, Rio de Janeiro registers 7%, Santa Catarina 7%, Pernambuco 6% and Bahia with 4%, totaling 73% of registrations in the 2018 period.
High levels of unemployment, particularly in the absence of adequate social protection measures, can also have undesirable consequences for the mental health of workers.
The pandemic of COVID-19, which began to register at the end of 2019, in China, has put us in atypical situations since March 2020, in Brazil. One of the main actions is social isolation to reduce contagion, which ended up making working from home a reality for many people and maintaining mental health in the Home Office may not be so easy.
Working from home affects us in many ways, in addition to being an important break from the routine, the fact that we are quarantined, isolated in our homes, affects us even more, being isolated and alone for a long time can be devastating to our minds. .
As social isolation is the best way to combat the virus until then, remote work has been adopted, so that companies do not completely interrupt their activities and avoid exposing their employees to the virus, however, the worker health care.
Recently, our 8mm Ideasteam also highlighted a list of ergonomic recommendations that make our workspace more comfortable and help us feel better when we work for a long time sitting and isolated in our homes.
Mental health at work
For the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health depends on the absence of mental illness and the elimination of situations that lead to higher levels of stress associated with work. By the Ministry of Health (em) “Statistics indicate that one in five people at work may have a mental health problem. The problems will directly impact the work environment, causing loss of productivity and absence from work, among others. ”
In Brazil, between 2012 and 2018, more than 777,444 benefits were granted, that is, on average, more than 111 thousand workers leave their work environments or companies due to mental and behavioral diseases. And, 32 occupations represent 50% of the records, among which we have the retailer, production line feeder, janitor, general office assistant, administrative assistant, cashier, construction workers, nursing technician, caretaker, among others.
The World Health Organization (WHO) also warns that one in four people will suffer from a mental disorder throughout their lives. Despite the numbers, companies that maintain a psychological and emotional health program for their employees are rare.
A CBN Saúde report highlights that only 18% of companies maintain a program to take care of workers’ mental health. It is highlighted that nine out of ten Brazilians in the labor market present anxiety symptoms, from the mildest to the most disabling. Half (47%) suffer some level of depression, recurring in 14% of cases. The data is from the latest survey carried out by Isma-BR, local representative of International Association for Stress Managementn, a non-profit organization dedicated to the subject.
Mental health depends on several factors in the work environment, such as the organization of work, submission to authoritarian bosses, lack of communication between people, the increase in the pace of work and the increasing demand for productivity. For the Ministry of Health, “intimidation, when a superior or a coworker subjects the worker to shame or humiliation repeatedly and for a long time, can also cause mental damage”.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) reports that in the organizations environment it is necessary to recognize signs of depression among workers, such as excessive sadness, lack of hope, loss of interest in activities that previously brought pleasure, and changes in appetite and sleep habits. It is also recommended that the employee seek help when needed and support those who need it, talk to their employer about their emotional needs, and practice self-care and the ability to adapt to new situations.
Own ILO reinforces the need for government agencies and actors to adopt mechanisms that guarantee the fundamental rights of workers, such as, for example, an adequate salary, working hours limits and a work environment with Occupational Health and Safety (OHS).
Companies must be aligned with new demands and adopt strategies aimed at sustainable development. Protection of workers’ mental health is defined by the Goal n. Goal 8 8 to United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
It is essential to promote safe work environments for all workers and, in addition to the safe environment, we must seek protection for the physical safety of workers, extending to their mental and psychological well-being. Remember, do Investing in workers’ mental health is good for health and good for the economy of the company itself.
The risks of the Ministry of the Interior for mental health
Social isolation is the absence of social interactions, contacts, and relationships with family, friends, and neighbors. The stress caused by the situation can bring serious health problems, both mental and physical.
However, even living in our connected world through technology and social media, psychologists and experts say that isolation still affects us, especially since it is inevitable and in the midst of a pandemic.
The fact of not being able to go out, being alone at home, seeing a drastic drop in movement in the streets, facing the most diverse types of information added to the fact that we are dealing with an enemy that is difficult to combat and invisible, can bring us fear, anxiety . and anguish
And in addition to all this, the professionals who work in the Ministry of the Interior face occupational risks, which at home are accentuated and they have to deal with themselves.
Mental health care and especially ergonomics should be mitigated in this period, to avoid the development of occupational diseases, so we have separated some tips to stay healthy in this period.
It is important to adopt physical activity and mental activities, such as meditation and psychotherapy. In critical cases, the help of specialists (therapy, psychiatry or doctor) is necessary, but depends on the intensity, duration and occasion of the mental suffering, to face the situation.
How to maintain mental health in the central office
We set up an infographic with 8 basic tips to stay well in this unusual period we are going through, check the material and use your own metal health to seek wellness, using your own cognitive and social skills. These are tips to help you recover from routine stress, be productive and contribute to your community, even virtually or digitally.
Our mind is directly influenced by the environment we are in and our actions, so pay attention to the chosen place to work and manage your time well.
In addition to mental health, ergonomic care is essential to avoid bodily pain and possible long-term problems, do not work from the sofa and even less lying down, choose a desk or desk, always keep the computer screen at the height of the eyes. and use chairs with backs.
We are going through a delicate moment in which staying at home is the safest alternative, so if you can stay at home, but don’t forget to take care of your internal health.
Occupational health and safety professionals can contribute to the development of programs that allow monitoring the mental health of workers. Starting with activities that allow identifying signs of stress, alcoholism and drug abuse among workers, for example, applying a questionnaire that allows characterizing the level of stress, sports practices, weight, organizational climate and hours of sleep of the worker .
With the information and collaboration of other professionals specialized in the field of mental health, it will be possible to establish a program for workers and reduce sick leave due to mental and behavioral diseases.
Our 8mm Ideasteam has also adopted teleworking and all of our professionals have the opportunity to search for activities that reduce stress and help find the best work rhythm. We adopt as virtual practices a virtual conversation by Google video call 20 minutes twice a day to stay in touch and update activities at different times! This has helped us maintain integration and monitoring of everyone’s mental health!
Stay connected on OnSafety
In this period of social isolation, due to the Coronavirus, all members of the 8mm IdeasTeam have been adopting the home Office as a preventive measure. We have several tools that allow agile and secure contact with our clients, suppliers, users, readers, like ours. application, website and email. Our employees are also available for video conference meetings, e-mail, telephone and WhatsApp.
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